FRANÇOIS LANDRY - Voyageur
Voyageur pour la Pacific Fur Company, founded by John Jacob
Astor on the Columbia River in 1810.
Considérant les François Landry né au Québec entre 1760 et 1799, il n'y a que
deux personnes qui pourraient être le voyageur décédé à l'automne 1813 dans
l'état de Washington soit le
#3210 né en 1784 à Lachenaie, L'Assomption, QC (St-Roch-de-l'Achigan après
#35114 né en 1787 à Maskinongé, Maskinongé, QC. Il y a deux François Landry
à Astoria, Oregon vers 1813.
French-Canadians of the West CD-ROM Version
By Peter Gagne -Quintin Publications
A French-Canadian hunter in the service of the Pacific Fur Company, founded by
John Jacob Astor on the Columbia River in 1810.
François Landrie enlisted as a milieu or MIDDLEMAN paddler at
Michilimackinac in 1810 for a period of five years, with an annual salary of 450
livres. The overland expedition to the Columbia River, under Wilson Price Hunt,
was extremely arduous at times and low on provisions. After reaching the Snake
River, unnecessary goods were put in nine caches near Caldron Linn (present-day
Dry Creek Falls, Idaho) and the expedition split up into two parties, one under
Hunt and the other under Ramsay Crooks. Landry
was party of Crooks detachment, but fearing possible starvation, he
choose to remain at a nearby Shoshone village, along with Jean-Baptiste Turcotte
and André Lachapelle.
Wearing out their welcome the next spring, the three men decided to show the
Shoshones where the caches were, in exchange for horses and food. Grateful to
their new benefactors, the Shoshone invited the three Canadians on a buffalo
hunt. After the successful hunt, however, the Shoshone and their guest were
attacked by a band of Blackfeet Indians and forced to leave everything and flee
back across the Rocky Mountains to their village. They had
only returned a short while when three of their former
colleagues on the trek to
Astoria appeared in the village. Pierre Delaunay, Louis Saint-Michel and
Alexander Carson, ragged and destitute, recounted how they
had been robbed by a band of
Crow Indians after Hunt had left them to trap beaver at the
headwaters of the Snake River the
previous September. Another companion, Pierre Détayé,
had been killed in the skirmish with the Crow.
Not long after their three former companions joined them in the Shoshone
village, Landry, Turcotte
and Lachapelle met up with Astorian clerk John Reed,
who was on his way to recover the very caches that the three
had plundered. After unearthing the two or three
deposits that had not been pilfered and delivering the
contents to Donald McKenzies post on the Clearwater,
Reed and the rest of his
party (which now included Landry and the
rest of the stragglers at
the Shoshone village) made their way back to Astoria in October 1812.
Landry was sent with John Reeds party to
trade among the Serpents (418)
tribe in present-day western Washington state in the winter
of 1813-14, along with
Gilles Leclerc and Pierre Dorion. Washington Irving notes that In the
course of the autumn, Reed lost one man,
Landry, by death (419),
but does not give the cause.
Michel Bibaud, who edited Gabriel Franchères journal in 1820,
Landry died that November of scrofula (420).
Pierre Delaunay walked off and
was never seen again. The remaining members of the party were
Dogrib Indians, a band of the Shoshone. Leclerc
survived long enough to warn Dorion's
wife Marie, who found Reed and the rest of the party André
Lachapelle and Jean-Baptiste Turcotte dead at their
Their was another François Landrie
who was at Astoria during the winter of 1813-14. He
was employed as a milieu by the North West Company,
having signed a one-year contract at Fort William in 1813.
He was a member of Sir Alexander Mackenzies two great expeditions to the Arctic
Ocean in 1789 and to the Pacific Ocean in 1793. In his journal
of the 1793 expedition, Mackenzie
notes that Joseph Landry and Charles Ducette
[sic] were with me in my former voyage (421).
During the first expedition,
Landry accompanied the explorer from
Athabasca via the Slave River, Great Slave Lake
and Mackenzie River to the Arctic. Four years later, together
with Charles Doucette, Jacques Beauchamp, François
Beaulieu, François Courtois and
Alexander Mackay, Landry was again with
Mackenzie as they traveled from Athabasca via the
Peace and Parsnip Rivers to the Continental Divide,
becoming one of the first white men to cross this
point above the plateaus of the Southwest.
A Joseph Landrie, possibly the same man, was
employed as a milieu or MIDDLEMAN paddler by the
Pacific Fur Company at Astoria during the winter of
1813-14. His name, written Joseph Landrie,
figures on a list of eight men who arrived at Astoria
on 18 January 1812 under Donald McKenzie, Robert
McLellan and John Reed. Étienne Lucier and André Vallé were also members of
this party, which had been sent ahead from Caldron Linn (see
Antoine Clappine) to try to
obtain provisions for the overland expedition. If they were
unsuccessful, which proved to be
the case, they were to continue on to Astoria, which they
reached ahead of the bulk of the expedition, which did not
arrive until 15 February.
An interpreter at Red Lake and Lac Seul (Ontario) for the North West
Company in 1804.
(418) The Gens-des-Serpents (Snake People) tribe, also known as
(419) Irving, Astoria, p. 493.
(420) Tuberculosis of the lymph nodes in the neck.
(421) Sheppe, p. 79.
Marcel Walter Landry - Pour toute question ou problème concernant ce site Web,
envoyez moi un courriel.
: lundi 20 avril 2015