Voyageur pour la Pacific Fur Company, founded by John Jacob Astor on the Columbia River in 1810.


Considérant les François Landry né au Québec entre 1760 et 1799, il n'y a que deux personnes qui pourraient être le voyageur décédé à l'automne 1813 dans l'état de Washington soit le #3210 né en 1784 à Lachenaie, L'Assomption, QC (St-Roch-de-l'Achigan après 1787) ou #35114 né en 1787 à Maskinongé, Maskinongé, QC. Il y a deux François Landry à Astoria, Oregon vers 1813.


French-Canadians of the West CD-ROM Version
By Peter Gagne -Quintin Publications
Pages 275-276

Landry, François.
A French-Canadian hunter in the service of the Pacific Fur Company, founded by John Jacob Astor on the Columbia River in 1810. François Landrie enlisted as a milieu or MIDDLEMAN paddler at Michilimackinac in 1810 for a period of five years, with an annual salary of 450 livres. The overland expedition to the Columbia River, under Wilson Price Hunt, was extremely arduous at times and low on provisions. After reaching the Snake River, unnecessary goods were put in nine caches near Caldron Linn (present-day Dry Creek Falls, Idaho) and the expedition split up into two parties, one under Hunt and the other under Ramsay Crooks. Landry was party of Crooks detachment, but fearing possible starvation, he choose to remain at a nearby Shoshone village, along with Jean-Baptiste Turcotte and André Lachapelle.

Wearing out their welcome the next spring, the three men decided to show the Shoshones where the caches were, in exchange for horses and food. Grateful to their new benefactors, the Shoshone invited the three Canadians on a buffalo hunt. After the successful hunt, however, the Shoshone and their guest were attacked by a band of Blackfeet Indians and forced to leave everything and flee back across the Rocky Mountains to their village. They had
only returned a short while when three of their former colleagues on the trek to Astoria appeared in the village. Pierre Delaunay, Louis Saint-Michel and Alexander Carson, ragged and destitute, recounted how they had been robbed by a band of Crow Indians after Hunt had left them to trap beaver at the headwaters of the Snake River the previous September. Another companion, Pierre Détayé, had been killed in the skirmish with the Crow.

Not long after their three former companions joined them in the Shoshone
village, Landry, Turcotte and Lachapelle met up with Astorian clerk John Reed, who was on his way to recover the very caches that the three had plundered. After unearthing the two or three deposits that had not been pilfered and delivering the contents to Donald McKenzies post on the Clearwater, Reed and the rest of his party (which now included Landry and the rest of the stragglers at the Shoshone village) made their way back to Astoria in October 1812.

Landry was sent with John Reeds party to trade among the Serpents (418) tribe in present-day western Washington state in the winter of 1813-14, along with Gilles Leclerc and Pierre Dorion. Washington Irving notes that In the course of the autumn, Reed lost one man, Landry, by death (419), but does not give the cause. Michel Bibaud, who edited Gabriel Franchères journal in 1820, notes that Landry died that November of scrofula (420). Pierre Delaunay walked off and was never seen again. The remaining members of the party were killed by Dogrib Indians, a band of the Shoshone. Leclerc survived long enough to warn Dorion's wife Marie, who found Reed and the rest of the party André Lachapelle and Jean-Baptiste Turcotte dead at their camp.


Landry, François.

Their was another François Landrie who was at Astoria during the winter of 1813-14. He was employed as a milieu by the North West Company, having signed a one-year contract at Fort William in 1813.

Landry, Joseph.
He was a member of Sir Alexander Mackenzies two great expeditions to the Arctic Ocean in 1789 and to the Pacific Ocean in 1793. In his journal
of the 1793 expedition, Mackenzie notes that Joseph Landry and Charles Ducette [sic] were with me in my former voyage (421). During the first expedition, Landry accompanied the explorer from Athabasca via the Slave River, Great Slave Lake and Mackenzie River to the Arctic. Four years later, together with Charles Doucette, Jacques Beauchamp, François Beaulieu, François Courtois and
Alexander Mackay, Landry was again with Mackenzie as they traveled from
Athabasca via the Peace and Parsnip Rivers to the Continental Divide, becoming one of the first white men to cross this point above the plateaus of the Southwest.

A Joseph Landrie, possibly the same man, was employed as a milieu or
MIDDLEMAN paddler by the Pacific Fur Company at Astoria during the winter of 1813-14. His name, written Joseph Landrie, figures on a list of eight men who arrived at Astoria on 18 January 1812 under Donald McKenzie, Robert McLellan and John Reed. Étienne Lucier and André Vallé were also members of this party, which had been sent ahead from Caldron Linn (see Antoine Clappine) to try to obtain provisions for the overland expedition. If they were unsuccessful, which proved to be the case, they were to continue on to Astoria, which they reached ahead of the bulk of the expedition, which did not arrive until 15 February.

Landry, Nicolas.
An interpreter at Red Lake and Lac Seul (Ontario) for the North West
Company in 1804.


(418) The Gens-des-Serpents (Snake People) tribe, also known as the Shoshone.

(419) Irving, Astoria, p. 493.
(420) Tuberculosis of the lymph nodes in the neck.
(421) Sheppe, p. 79.

Source : 18 avril 2015



















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